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Judaism from a Catholic Perspective

Holy Apostles Seminary Course taught by Roy Schoeman








Syllabus


The Role of Judaism in Salvation

Summer 2012 

Professor: Roy Schoeman
Phone:
(978) 821-7995
E-mail:
schoeman@post.harvard.edu
Webpage:
www.salvationisfromthejews.com/HolyApostles.html (or scroll down home page and click Holy Spirit icon near the bottom)

I. Required Texts

Schoeman Salvation is from the Jews: The Role of Judaism in Salvation History from Abraham to the Second Coming (Ignatius: 2003)
Schoeman Judaism from a Catholic Perspective (Catholic Truth Society: 2008)

Additional readings will be made available as required, including selections from the following:

Herford, Christianity in Talmud and Midrash
Goodrich-Clarke, The Occult Roots of Nazism
Lustiger, The Promise
Lapide, Three Popes and the Jews
Lively Abrams, The Pink Swastika
Ali/Spencer, Inside Islam
Aaronovich, Voodoo Histories
Schoeman, Honey from the Rock
John Paul II, On Jews and Judaism
Vatican II, Nostra Aetate
USCCB subcommittee  "Reflections on Covenant and Mission"(2002) and "A Note on Ambiguities Contained in Reflections on Covenant and Mission" (2009)

II. Course Description

The course will encompass a wide-ranging discussion on various aspects of the relationship between Judaism and the Catholic Church.  The central focus is the role that Judaism plays in salvation history according to Catholic doctrine.  The topics discussed will be drawn from the following, in response to student interest and time available:

Pre-Incarnation:
The origin of the Jews and Judaism
The election, the role of the Jews in bringing about the Incarnation
Typological significance of the Jews in the Old Testament (e.g. St. Cyril of Jerusalem  Mystagogic Catechesis, etc.)
Forms of Judaism at the time of Christ
Political dynamics between the Jews and Rome at the time of Christ

Early Church and Judaism:
Interplay of Jews and Gentiles in the early Church
Roman/Jewish/Christian political dynamics
Church Fathers on Jews and Judaism
Early Christian-Jewish Polemics
Competing theories on the role of Judaism post-Incarnation (St. Augustine's Living Letters of the Law, extreme supersessionism, dual-covenant theory, etc.)
Heresies with respect to Judaism  Ebionism, Marcionism, etc.
Reflections of Judaism in Catholic Liturgy and Religious Practices

Judaism in Early Christian Centuries
Destruction of Temple and exile of the Jews and its effect on Judaism
Redefinition of Judaism in absence of Temple (to Rabbinic Judaism)
Bar Kochba revolt and its effects on Jewish/Christian relationship (Birkat HaMinim, excommunication of Jewish Christians from synagogue)
Revision of Jewish canon of scripture (and its relation to Catholic/Protestant polemics)
Emergence of written Talmud and its effects

The Messiah and Jesus in Jewish Scripture
            Key prophecies in the Hebrew Scriptures
            Jewish anti-missionary interpretations/textual variants
            History of Jewish interpretations (pre- and post-Christianity)
            Talmudic teachings about the Messianic prophecies, the Messiah(s), and Jesus

Revelation and authority in Judaism
            Hebrew Scriptures, Oral tradition, Talmud, sages 
            Gnostic/occult/mystical streams (Kabbalah)
           
Jewish-Christian Relations in the Middle and Early Modern Ages
Expulsions and persecutions of the Jews
Jewish-Christian Polemics

The Holocaust
Spiritual roots of Nazism
Nazi anti-Christianity
Church condemnation of Nazism
Jewish understanding of the Holocaust
Effects of the Holocaust on Jewish Theology

The Arab world, Islam, and the Holocaust
Implications for the Jews and the 2nd Coming

The Role of Judaism between the 1st and 2nd Comings of Christ
Early Christian views  Church Fathers, etc.
Relevant Church writings and actions through the Centuries
Recent Catholic comments and teachings  Pius XI, John XXIII, John Paul II, Benedict XVI
Jewish entry into the Church
Contemporary Jewish-Catholic dialog

III. Course Outcomes

The course aims to give:

  1. a deeper understanding of the Catholic Church as God’s fundamental system for the salvation of all mankind, and the role that Judaism plays in that system.
  2. an illumination of some of the mysteries in the history of the past 2000 years with respect to the Jews, in the light of Judaism’s role in the 2nd coming.
  3. a basic knowledge and understanding of Judaism as it defines itself as a religion, both now and in the past.
  4. a basic overview of the history of the Jewish people and of the Jewish religion.
  5. a basic overview of the history of Church teaching on Judaism and of the interaction over the past 2000 years between the Jewish community and the Catholic Church.

IV. Grading and Requirements


Tests / Quizzes:

Short unannounced quizzes may be given from time to time at the start of the class on the readings assigned for that class. These are intended to simply reveal whether the reading was done, and will be graded essentially "pass/fail".

There will be no mid-term or final exam.

Paper / Project:

Rather, there will be a single substantial paper (7-10 pages, 2000-3000 words) on a relevant topic of particular interest to the student, approved in advance by the professor.  The paper must be submitted in hard copy form, following the normal guidelines for papers (including those for plagiarism) at Ave Maria University.  The precise due date, at the end of the course or shortly thereafter, will be announced shortly.

It is possible that in some cases, by prearrangement with the professor, a class presentation on a topic of special interest to the student may be substituted for the paper.


Final Grade:

The final course grade will be made up equally of class participation (which includes the spot quizzes) and the paper.






Detailed Class Plan (note: schedule subject to change)



Class 1: Mon. -- Introductory Class

Syllabus, etc.
Witness Testimony
Beginning of Overview of the Role of Judaism in Salvation

Required reading for this class: None
Assignment from this class: Begin reading for Mon, Jan 17: Salvation is from the Jews, pp 15-23, 45-72,111-134.   Reading the rest of pp. 1-134 may prove helpful, too, but is not required) 


Class 2:  -- Overview continued

Required reading for this class: None
Assignment for next class:  Continue reading Salvation is from the Jews, pp 15-23, 45-72,111-134.

Link to Lecture Notes from Class 2 (pdf file)


Class 3: Early History of Israel

History of Israel Jacob to Christ Overview
Sects at time of Jesus
Destruction of Temple and its Effect on Judaism
Bar Kochba Revolt
Talmud
Jesus in the Talmud

Link to Lecture Notes from Class 3 (doc file)

Required reading for this class: Salvation is from the Jews, pp 15-23, 45-72,111-134.
 
Supplemental Reading (useful background information but reading is not required):
  Wiki article on the Talmud (pdf file)

Assignment for next class:
Inside the Vatican article on the Trial of Jesus
Salvation pp. 32-35, 72-111



Class 4: Jesus as the Jewish Messiah
 
Jesus’ Trial before the Sanhedrin
Messianic Prophecies about the Messiah in the Old Testament
Structure of Sanhedrin and Legality of  Jesus’ Trial under Jewish Law
 
Link to Lecture Notes from Class 4 (doc file)

Required reading for this class: Inside the Vatican article on the Trial of Jesus, Salvation pp. 32-35, 72-111

Assignment for next class: Judaism from a Catholic Perspective pp. 6-32 (also available on webpage), Salvation pp. 135-160
(note: this had previously appeared here as pp. 6-19 so questions on pp. 19-32 were eliminated from "quiz")


 
 
Class 5:  Issues in the Development of Jewish Theology

Jewish Theology at the time of Jesus
Jewish Theology from the Talmud
Introduction of Mystical Judaism/ the Kabbalah
Hasidism
"Reform" and "Conservative" Judaism
Reconstructionism
Effects of the Holocaust on Jewish Theology
Elie Wiesel vs. Edith Stein
 
Assignment for this class: Judaism from a Catholic Perspective pp. 6-32 (also available online), Salvation pp. 135-160

Assignment to be done by class after next:
Excerpt from Rabbi Harold Kushner's When Bad Things Happen to Good People (3 page pdf file)
Excerpt from Rabbi Harold Kushner's When Children Ask About God (12 page pdf file)
Arthur Green's Beliefs from "What American Jews Believe about God" (3 page pdf file)
Wikipedia entry on Reconstructionism (5 page pdf file)
Article in NCR about a talk by Rabbi Arthur Green to Catholic Women Religious

Supplemental Video/Audio: (will be played in class)
Video Clip from Woody Allen's "Crimes and Misdemeanors" (3 1/2 min)
Video Clip from Woody Allen's "Annie Hall" (1 min.)
Video Clip from TV Show "Curb Your Enthusiasm" (1 3/4 min.)
Audio Clip introducing Rabbi Arthur Green (1 min)
Audio Clip of Rabbi Arthur Green on what God is (2 min)

Further Background material (only if interested):
Part 1 of article "What American Jews Believe about God" (36 page pdf file)
Part 2 of article "What American Jews Believe about God" (36 page pdf file)
Rabbi Arthur Green on his view of Judaism (10 min)


Class 6: Wed. Jan 26 -- Contemporary  Hareidi ("ultra-Orthodox") Judaism

We will watch the film "Ushpizin"
Film is about 90 minutes long so class will run about 15 minutes over.
Collect questions to discuss next class

No assignment for this class.

Assignment for next class as given previously:
Excerpt from Rabbi Harold Kushner's When Bad Things Happen to Good People (3 page pdf file)
Excerpt from Rabbi Harold Kushner's When Children Ask About God (12 page pdf file)
Arthur Green's Beliefs from "What American Jews Believe about God" (3 page pdf file)
Wikipedia entry on Reconstructionism (5 page pdf file)
Article in NCR about a talk by Rabbi Arthur Green to Catholic Women Religious

Supplemental Video/Audio for Monday Jan. 31: (will be played in class but you may want to think about them beforehand)
Video Clip from Woody Allen's "Crimes and Misdemeanors" (3 1/2 min)
Video Clip from Woody Allen's "Annie Hall" (1 min.)
Video Clip from TV Show "Curb Your Enthusiasm" (1 3/4 min.)
Audio Clip introducing Rabbi Arthur Green (1 min)
Audio Clip of Rabbi Arthur Green on what God is (2 min)



Further Background material (only if interested):
Part 1 of article "What American Jews Believe about God" (36 page pdf file)
Part 2 of article "What American Jews Believe about God" (36 page pdf file)
Rabbi Arthur Green on his view of Judaism (10 min)




Class 7: Mon. Jan 31 -- Streams in Post-Holocaust Jewish Theology

Discussion of Hareidi Judaism from Ushpizin
and the crisis in post-holocaust Jewish
Theology as reflected in Reconstructionism,
in the theology of Rabbis Arthur Green, Hertzberg,
and Kushner and Jewish theologians
Richard Rubenstein and Elie Wiesel.

Assignment for this class:
Excerpt from Rabbi Harold Kushner's When Bad Things Happen to Good People (3 page pdf file)
Excerpt from Rabbi Harold Kushner's When Children Ask About God (12 page pdf file)
Arthur Green's Beliefs from "What American Jews Believe about God" (3 page pdf file)
Wikipedia entry on Reconstructionism (5 page pdf file)
Article in NCR about a talk by Rabbi Arthur Green to Catholic Women Religious

Supplemental Video/Audio for today: (will be played in class but you may want to think about them beforehand)
Video Clip from Woody Allen's "Crimes and Misdemeanors" (3 1/2 min)
Video Clip from Woody Allen's "Annie Hall" (1 min.)
Video Clip from TV Show "Curb Your Enthusiasm" (1 3/4 min.)
Audio Clip introducing Rabbi Arthur Green (1 min)
Audio Clip of Rabbi Arthur Green on what God is (2 min)


Audio and Video shown in class not on above list:
Audio Clip of Rabbi Arthur Green on Creation Theology (9 min)
Audio Clip of Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan on What God Is (2 min)
Video Clip from Woody Allen's "Manhattan" (2 min.)
Video Clip from Woody Allen's "Whatever Works" (1 min.)
Matisyahu performing "King without a Crown"
Lyrics to "King without a Crown"


Further Background material for today (only if interested):
Part 1 of article "What American Jews Believe about God" (36 page pdf file)
Part 2 of article "What American Jews Believe about God" (36 page pdf file)
Rabbi Arthur Green on his view of Judaism (10 min)

Reading assignment for the next class:  Class discussion will encompass all of Chapter 6 of Salvation, and
it would be useful to read all of it, but students are only responsible for pp. 179-205; 233-240
(in other words, if there is a quiz it will be limited to those pages)


Class 8: Wed. Feb. 2 -- Spiritual Roots of the Holocaust

The role of occultism, eugenics, and sexual depravity in Nazism
Nazism's Campaign against Christianity

Here is a link to the sample paper topics I gave in class on Feb. 2

Class 9: Mon. Feb. 7 -- Spiritual Roots of the Holocaust (continued)

Plan and assignment for this class:
Because I did not finish the material during last Wednesday's class,
we will continue on the same topic for another class.  There is no additional
reading assignment for this class. The reading on Islam is required now for
the next class (Wed. Feb. 9)

Followup on last class:

Paper Topics:
Here is a link to the sample paper topics I gave in class on Feb. 2.  It would be
good to start considering a possible topic.

Holocaust Revisionism:
A student asked about the claims made by Holocaust "Revisionists" which deny
the scope of the extermination of Jews, the number 6 million, or even the
existence of an intentional extermination campaign.  These revisionists
make blatently factually false claims, but without knowing the evidence
that contradicts them there is no way to know that they are lying. The
Nizkor Project website (www.nizkor.org) is a good resource for finding documentation
about the Holocaust, and refutation of the specific arguments used by Holocaust
deniers.  The page http://nizkor.org/features/qar/qar00.html is a good Q&A summary
of the refutations. Another useful summary page is http://nizkor.org/features/techniques-of-denial/ .

In passing, I note that the Yad Vashem museum in Israel already has already assembled the
names of 3.8 million Jews exterminated by the Third Reich. Their project is described here:
http://www1.yadvashem.org/yv/en/remembrance/names/index.asp

Reading assignment for the next class:  Class discussion will encompass all of Chapter 7 of Salvation, and
it would be useful to read all of it, but students are only responsible for pp. 254-281, 289-302
(in other words, if there is a quiz it will be limited to those pages)



Class 10: Wed. Feb. 9 -- The Arab World and Islam
Islam as a "revealed" religion
The origins, theology, and meaning of Islam
Connections between Nazism, Islam, and the Arab world

Not required, but if you are interested:
Link to youtube video of Peter Kreeft/Robert Spencer
debate on Islam at Thomas More College


Followup on last class:

More on Holocaust denial, etc.:

The website of Israel's Holocaust Museum www.yadvashem.org has a wealth of material,
including thousands of photographs, documents, 3.8 million names Jewish victims of the Holocaust,
etc.  It is probably the best single site for understanding and documenting the Holocaust.

More on the Homosexuality/Nazi connection:

Link to download a pdf copy of The Pink Swastika

More on the Eugenics/Margaret Sanger/Nazi  connection:
Margaret Sanger, Sterilization, and the Swastika by Mike Richmond (paper on the Internet)

More on the Arab-Islam/Nazi connection:

Summaries of the activities of Grand Mufti of Jerusalem al-Husseini on the web: "Tell the Children the Truth" (a moderate Islamic website)

Photographic documentation of the activities of the wartime
Grand Mufti of Jerusalem in particular, and of the Muslim Nazi Hanjar troops in general:



Reading assignment for the next class:  No reading assignment for
Monday Feb. 14,  but there IS one for next Wednesday.

Assignment for Wed. Feb. 16:

There are two assignments for Wed. Feb. 16:

(1) Please submit a proposed paper topic to me by then.  You are
welcome to speak to me about it before then either before or after
class or the talk, or email me. Although here is a link to the sample paper topics
I gave in class on Feb. 2, it would be better to choose a topic
that interests you particularly rather than "pick" one from the list.

(2) There is also a reading assignment, which consists of the 3 documents
below.  Please print them out and have them with you in hard copy on
the 16th:

The Mystery of the Jewish People (extracts -- 8 pages).  This is extracted from a lengthy paper
that was on the Society of St. Pius X website until recently.  (If you are interested in the much
longer, original version of the text -- NOT required! -- it can be found here.)

Nostra Aetate, para. 4   (1 page)

The 1555 Papal Bull "Cum Nimis Absurdum" (2 pages)
 



Class 11: Mon. Feb. 14 -- From Terror to Hope

No class tonight.  Attendance required at Walid Shoebat talk
8 PM in Demetree Auditorium
Palestinian Terrorist who became born-again Christian and pro-Israel
will speak.



Class 12: Wed. Feb. 16 -- Catholic Teaching on Judaism over Time

An overview of what Catholic sources (Church Fathers,
Saints, Popes) said about Judaism and Jews, and Church
actions with respect to the Jews,  from the beginning
of the Church to today.

From this class:
Notes from class as Powerpoint Presentation  or
webpage (webpage designed to work with Internet Explorer)
on Catholic Teaching on Judaism

Reading assignment for the next class:
In the Old Testament, the Book of Esther
(in its entirety, but it is only about 12 pages long)



Class 13: Mon. Feb. 21 -- Reflections of Jewish Practice in Catholicism

Reflections of Judaism in the Catholic Church in
liturgy, feasts, and scripture.  Christological and
Mariological meanings in the Old Testament.

Reading assignment due for this class:
In the Old Testament, the Book of Esther
(in its entirety, but it is only about 12 pages long)



Class 14: Wed. Feb. 23 -- Reflections of Jewish Practice in Catholicism (cont)
and addendum to post-Nostra Aetate Church Teaching on Judaism

Continuation of the topics of the previous two classes.

Links to Notes shown in class and related documents:

Reflections on Covenant and Mission (August 2002)
Note on Ambiguities in Reflections on Covenant and Mission (2009)

Class Notes (mostly extracts) about Reflections on Covenant and Mission Documents
Class Notes on Parallels in Catholic and Jewish Liturgy etc.
Image of Sede Vacantist "Monastery" Homepage
Wikipedia Page on the Good Friday Prayer for the Jews


No assignment for next class:



Class 15: Mon. Feb. 28 -- Political History of Israel and Palestine

An overview of the history of Israel/Palestine and the roots
of the current impasse



Class 16: Wed. Mar. 2 -- Jewish Converts and Jewish Conversion

The stories of some particularly notable Jewish converts,
and a discussion of the current state of Jewish conversion .